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  1. Have you heard of online banking thefts employing a program called “keyloggers” and are curious to know how to check for keyloggers and clean your system? Or have you ever wondered how passwords, user names and other sensitive login credentials are stolen from seemingly secure websites? Do you know how different keyboards are able to learn your writing style and predict words you might use next? All these tasks are often accomplished by recording the keys struck on your keyboard, a method known as keylogging. Confused? Don’t be. This article will cover in detail what keyloggers are, how they work, and how to check for keyloggers in your system and remove them. By the end of the article, you can expect to have a fair idea about keyloggers and some precautionary measures you can take to protect your sensitive credentials. What is a Keylogger? What are its Functionalities? Keylogger, or ‘keystroke logging’ is the act of logging or recording the keys pressed on the keyboard, by software or hardware means, often with the monitored individual being unaware that his/her keystrokes are being recorded. The logging program can later retrieve the recorded data from its storage area. Often, keylogging is done with malign intentions to intercept sensitive and private information like credit card details, bank account credentials, usernames, passwords, and other private data. A lot of high profile bank thefts have seen the usage of keyloggers. Nordea bank had lost about 1.1 million dollars to online fraud in 2007, where the attackers used keyloggers built into a Trojan to steal credentials from users. There are many other examples of banking crimes where keyloggers have been used, mostly because they are extremely reliable to track electronic information. Keyloggers also have a variety of legitimate applications. They are used to recognize keyboard shortcuts or ‘hot keys’. They are authorized research instruments to study writing processes and can be employed to track writing development in children. Parents can monitor their children’s internet usage with keyloggers, and employers can track the usage of their workstations for non-work purposes. Law enforcement agencies utilize keyloggers for surveillance purposes to analyze and track usage of personal computers in crimes. Are Keyloggers Legal? At this point, you are acquainted with the capabilities and the wide range of applications where keyloggers can be exploited. You must be wondering if the usage of keyloggers is legal. The answer to this question is both yes and no. There has been much debate about this topic, and the arguments both for and against are perfectly valid. The biggest argument against keyloggers being used is that their usage invades privacy at a large scale. Every individual is entitled to protect their privacy, and there is a very fine line between invading one’s privacy and authorized surveillance. The very fact that even governments can’t draw a line on privacy infringement, makes drawing up concrete laws even more difficult. Hence, usage of keyloggers is still legal. Attempts are being made to interpret protective laws in such a way, that monitoring the general public’s keystrokes is deemed unconstitutional. If keyloggers are used for criminal purposes, they are obviously illegal and the criminals can be implicated in a court of law. Types of Keyloggers Keyloggers can be both, software and hardware based. The software-based ones are computer programs which work with the target computer’s software. There are several types which employ different methods to capture the keys being hit by the user. Some keyloggers are designed to grab and record entries in web-based forms. As soon as the submit button is pressed, the keyloggers capture the data before the values are passed on to the Internet. Another category of keyloggers hides in the operating system by gaining root access. Programs that gain root access reside at kernel-level, the kernel being the central module of the operating system. These keyloggers are difficult to detect and remove because user level applications do not have permissions to modify kernel level programs. Javascript based keyloggers inject a script tag with malicious code into the web page and listen for keyboard events and record the inputs. The hardware keyloggers do not depend on any software installed and exist at the hardware level of the computer. These hardware keyloggers can be added physically to the keyboard in the form of a hardware circuit. They can also be implemented as BIOS level firmware (BIOS is the low-level hardware which initializes the hardware when the computer is powered on). There are hardware devices that are able to sniff packets being transmitted from wireless keyboards and mouses to their respective receivers. How to Check for Keyloggers and Remove them from the Computer Since keyloggers have legitimate usages as well as illegal ones, you must be wondering how checking for keyloggers can be done and how to remove them. Some keyloggers are very sophisticated and use very complex methods to hide as legitimate processes running in the background. It is often next to impossible to scan for these keyloggers. The simpler keyloggers can be detected and removed. Here are some ways to check for keyloggers and remove them. 1. Analyze Winlogon.exe Process using Task Manager The Winlogon.exe is a critical component of the Windows operating system. It is a process that handles the loading of the user’s profile when logging in. It also handles the secure attention sequence. This is the CTRL+ALT+DELETE key combination that had to be pressed in older versions of Windows before signing in. This ensures that you are signing in to a secure desktop and no other program is impersonating a sign-in dialog or monitoring the password you are typing. Windows Vista and newer versions have significantly changed the roles of this process (CTRL+SHIFT+ESC). This process is often targeted during security attacks which modify its function and increase its memory usage, which serves as an indication that the process is compromised. Also if two or more duplicate Winlogon.exe processes exist, one of the processes might be a keylogger function and the task manager can be used to end the process. You can do this by pressing CTRL+SHIFT+ESC key combination (On Windows 7,8 and 10) to bring up the task manager. Select the Processes tab. If you find two or more instances of the Winlogon.exe process, click on the process with the duplicate number to select it and press End Process to end it. 2. Installed Programs If the attacker is careless and does not keep the keylogger hidden, it can be discovered in the installed programs list. You can click on Start and go to Control Panel. Select Programs and Features or Uninstall a Program. You will be presented with a list of programs and software installed on your machine. Check the list for any programs you have not installed. If you find any suck program, right click on it and select Uninstall. 3. Anti-Keyloggers These are software designed to scan for keyloggers in your system. They tend to be more effective than generic anti-virus programs because they are designed specifically to detect keyloggers. They usually compare all files in your computer against a database of keyloggers. Any similar behaviors discovered by comparing might point out a potential keylogger. If the keylogger is very sophisticated, anti-keyloggers might fail to detect them. Anti-keyloggers will be used frequently in public computers in the interest of the safety of the users. These computers are more susceptible to such software and hence, must often run the anti-keylogger program regularly to ensure that they are not infected and safe for public use. Users themselves should also resort to safety measures to protect their data and privacy. 4. Anti-spyware and Anti-virus Programs Many of these programs have begun adding known keyloggers to their databases, and you must make sure that your databases are always updated to include the latest additions. These programs might be able to check for keyloggers that are software-based and cleanse, disable or quarantine them. The detection might be difficult if the malicious program or virus with the keylogger is very sophisticated and hides as a legitimate software. Also, anti-virus programs with lesser permissions and privileges will not be able to detect a keylogger with higher privileges. For eg., a spyware program with user-level privileges only cannot detect a kernel-level based keylogger. Many anti-virus programs categorize keyloggers as potentially malicious or potentially undesirable. You must hence make sure the program is detecting such software by default. Else, you might require configuring the anti-virus program accordingly. Useful Tips to Protect yourself from Keyloggers At present, you know how to check for keyloggers and remove them from your computer. This should protect you from certain groups of keyloggers. Here are some more precautionary methods you can use to protect yourself from keyloggers. Keyloggers vary widely in the way they work and try to intercept data. Hence the methods you employ to protect yourself should target the way the keylogger works. Hence, some methods might work very well with a certain group of keyloggers, but might be completely useless against others. Also, the authors of keyloggers can update their keyloggers to adapt to the countermeasures taken by you. Keyloggers chiefly attempt to collect your confidential data, so the following are the most common ways to protect yourself: 1. Use One-time Passwords or Two-step Authorization One time passwords can be a very effective solution, as the passwords become invalid as soon as they are used. So even if a keylogger is installed on your system, the intercepted password becomes useless after one session. This effectively protects your private data. Two-step authentication is also a very good measure to prevent yourself from keyloggers. A two-step authentication process involves the user entering his/her credentials first. After entering the credentials, they receive a code or password on a registered mobile number or email id. The user is then required to enter this code to get validated, thus adding the extra layer of protection. Since the generated code or password gets invalidated after one use, this also protects your sensitive data in a similar way one-time passwords do. This method will be ineffective if the attacker has remote control of your computer and makes invalid transactions as soon as you are established to be a valid user. 2. Automatic Form Filler Programs You can use programs which fill in your data automatically without requiring you to type in the data. The keylogger is unable to detect any data since you don’t have to manually type it in. However, anyone with physical access to the device can install software to record this data from elsewhere. The data can be recorded from the operating system or while the data is in transit on the network. 3. On-screen Keyboards Though not a very popular method, on-screen keyboards can help in protecting against keyloggers which are logging keystrokes from the physical keyboard. However, there are keyloggers capable of taking screenshots of the screen while you enter your data. This ends up revealing your credentials to the attacker. Also, on-screen keyboards were designed as a utility for accessibility, and not to protect against cyber threats. On-screen keyboards have to be designed and implemented differently if they are to be used against keyloggers. 5. Network Monitors Network Monitors (also called reverse-firewalls) alert whenever a program is attempting to make a network connection. This can give you a chance to verify the legitimacy of connection requested by the program and prevent any keyloggers form sending your typed credentials to another computer. How to Protect Your Mac from Keyloggers using CleanMyMac X Many people, even some Pro users, believe that Mac devices are immune to keyloggers. While it’s true that macOS is much more secure and privacy-friendly than other OSs out there, Macs too can get keyloggers. We have seen reports of malware affecting multiple Mac devices and stealing not only their passwords but also other sensitive credentials. Once a malicious program gets full disk access and accessibility features of your Mac, everything can be in trouble. In order to prevent all these, however, you will need an effective malware detection tool. And what’s most important, CleanMyMac X is checked and notarized by Apple since December 2018 as software that has no malicious components. What is CleanMyMac X? CleanMyMac X is a Mac cleaning utility that helps you save space, protect your device and remove unwanted stuff from your computer. It also happens to be one of the best malware detection tools in the domain. this program will not only detect the presence of keyloggers on your Mac but also remove them. As you might know, naked eyes cannot easily detect keyloggers, as they take different forms. So, at the end of the day, it is good to have a professional tool to deal with this. There are so many other features inside CleanMyMac X, but we focus on the Malware Detection module of it. Wondering how to use CleanMyMac X Malware Detection? It’s as easy as it ever can be. How to Use CleanMyMac X to Remove Keyloggers? Once you have installed CleanMyMac X on your computer, you can see a bunch of options inside. You have to select the ‘Malware Removal’ section that would be analyzing your Mac for potential threats. Not only a keylogger but also other malware programs like worms, spyware, adware, miners, etc. would be detected in a few seconds. And, as you wish, you can remove everything in a single click. It’s great if the malware scanner says that your Mac does not have any potential threats. However, it’s good to be sure by this than your own experience, you know. At the end of the day, you need just a few seconds to keep keyloggers away from your Mac. Also, make sure that you scan your computer often using CleanMyMac X. Compared to other keylogger-prevention methods we talked about earlier, CleanMyMac X happens to have a straightforward process. You don’t have to worry about technical expertise or errors in this matter. Conclusion This article gave an overview of how to check for keyloggers, their functionalities and some precautionary measures you can employ to avoid being a victim of keyloggers. Granted, that many times, it is next to impossible to detect some of the more sophisticated keyloggers. But following the safety tips mentioned above, you should be able to protect yourself from the basic keyloggers or at least scan for keyloggers so that checking for keylogger would not be a difficult task. Also, having a fair idea and knowledge about the threat you are dealing with makes following the suggested precautionary steps more logical.
  2. SD Maid will help you keep your device clean and tidy! SD Maid Pro It offers a collection of tools to manage apps and files. Nobody is perfect and neither is Android. Apps you have already removed leave something behind. Logs, crash reports and other files you don’t really want are constantly being created. Your storage is collecting files and directories you don’t recognize. Let’s not go on here… Let SD Maid help you! SD Maid Pro APK Features Browse your whole device and manipulate files through a full-fledged file explorer. Remove superfluous files from your system. Manage installed user and system apps. Detect files formerly belonging to uninstalled apps. Search for files by name, content or date. Obtain a detailed overview of your devices storage. Optimize databases. Do actual app cleaning and remove expendable files, which supersedes what others may call ‘cache cleaning’. Detect duplicate pictures, music or documents, independent of name or location. Run tools automatically on a schedule or via widgets. Whats New: New data about untidy apps Improved AppCleaner deletion handling, analytics filter and added support for new devices (ColorOS) and locales (ru, zh) Improved deletion via Explorer (MediaStore pruning) Fixed scheduler sometimes skipping execution Requires : Android 4.1 and up DOWNLOAD
  3. With AVG Cleaner, your Android device will run faster and smoother, store more data, free up memory by cleaning junk, and stay charged for longer. AVG Cleaner PRO AVG Cleaner is a smart device manager & optimization tool already installed by almost 50 million people. AVG Cleaner top features: ✔ Remove preinstalled apps – Remove pre-installed apps to save space and boost performance ✔ Get more space – Remove old files, uninstall apps, and delete bad or unwanted photos and videos ✔ Improve performance – Use Cleaner to clear cache, remove junk, and identify apps that are slowing down your device ✔ Longer battery life – Cleaner’s battery saving feature helps improve your device’s battery life ✔ Hibernate apps – Suspend background apps to prolong battery life and save mobile data ✔ System info – Everything you need to know about your phone on one screen ✔ File manager – Smart File Manager & Storage Cleaner can analyze pictures, files, and apps to help you maximize your Android device’s performance ✔ Junk Cleaner – Clean out any useless junk from your device With AVG Cleaner, you will enjoy a longer battery life, avoid a lagging Android device, get rid of junk files, and automatically find bad quality or duplicate photos. AVG Cleaner PRO Features: AVG Cleaner is a smart analysis application and clean up tool that gives you more storage space, better performance, and longer battery life The booster, battery saver, memory and storage clean up, and app removal features are described below: Cleaner: Advanced app remover & app manager: ► Remove preinstalled apps: Do you have pre-installed bloatware apps you don’t need? We can prevent them from slowing down your device ► App analyzer: AVG Cleaner can identify apps that consume your battery, drain mobile data, or take up too much storage space, allowing you to clean them out more easily ► App remover: Easily remove apps that slow down your device ► Easily analyze apps based on storage, ram, battery, data consumption or usage Cleaner: Photo Analyzer: ► Fast and easy photo gallery optimization ► Find bad quality or duplicate photos ► Our ‘swipe left to delete, swipe right to keep’ feature helps you decide if you want to remove or keep the identified photos Cleaner: Battery Saver & Optimizer: ► App hibernation: Hibernating apps help you prolong battery life and keep your device running faster for longer ► Battery Profiles & Optimization: choose between “Low Battery”, “Home”, “Work”, and “Car” profiles, or set up your own to automatically adjust your battery usage how you want (30-day FREE trial) Cleaner: 1-tap Analysis and Optimization ► Clean your device with a single tap of a button ► Perform device scan and analysis with just one tap What’s New Photo Optimizer reimagined. Our brand new UI improves usability with new options and full-screen previews. Save photo space with confidence Requires : Android 4.1 and up DOWNLOAD:
  4. Trusted by millions and critically acclaimed, there’s a reason why CCleaner is the world’s favorite PC optimization tool! Easy to use, one click cleaning so beginners can optimize their computers in seconds. Plus, it’s packed with advanced features for power users. Is your computer running slow? As it gets older it collects unused files and settings which take up hard drive space making it slower and slower. CCleaner cleans up these files and makes it faster instantly. Advertisers and websites track your behavior online with cookies that stay on your computer. CCleaner erases your browser search history and cookies so any internet browsing you do stays confidential and your identity remains anonymous. Over time your registry can become cluttered with errors and broken settings which lead to crashes. CCleaner’s patented registry cleaner clears out this clutter to make your PC more stable. Below are some amazing features you can experience after installation of CCleaner Professional 5.57.7182 Free Download please keep in mind features may vary and totally depends if your system support them. Faster Computer Privacy Protection Real-time Monitoring Scheduled Cleaning Automatic Updates Premium Support Automatic Cleaning Regularly cleans junk files to keep your computer running smoothly Automatic Privacy Protection Clears history and cookies when you’re not using your web browser Automatic Privacy Protection Clears history and cookies when you’re not using your web browser Requirements: Runs on Microsoft Windows 10, 8.1, 7, Vista and XP. Including both 32-bit and 64-bit versions. v5.57.7182 (14 May 2019) Easy Clean - NEW! Simplified cleaning flow: ‘Easy Clean’ - Original ‘Cleaner’ renamed to ‘Custom Clean’ Software Updater - Software Updater now confirms when there are no pending updates Startup Management - Added a new tab in ‘Startup’ to manage Windows Services Settings & Preferences - Added ‘preferred home screen’ setting (inherits preference from ‘cleaning results’ setting) DOWNLOAD

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